Resilience is the ability to withstand stress. Having resilience means you are capable of adapting to and overcoming changes. If something severe happens, particularly if it was unexpected and something beyond our control, our resilience is tested. The more resilient people are, the better able they will bounce back and keep going. Resilience to stress is not the same as resistance to it because resistance implies the there is no response to the stress ("This Emotional Life"). Five factors are key to resilience: positive outlook, spirituality, active coping, learning and making meaning, and accepting your limits.
A positive outlook is key to resilience because it allows us to think positive (glass half full) and understand that setbacks are part of life. Problems are not always avoidable, so resilience allows us to remain open and flexible in the face of change (Cherry). To develop a positive outlook we should use people who are great at dealing with stress as role models. We need to allow ourselves to find opportunities for growth in every stressful situation. By finding opportunities for growth, we’ll be able to remain calm and find practical ways to comfort ourselves. There are other ways to be positive such as recharging before we face new challenges, taking a break from everyday routine, finding something to laugh about and practicing ways to handle stressful situations better the next time.
Many find that religious (or spiritual) helps build resilience. Religion and spirituality can influence how a person lives, how they cope with stress and how well they recover from emotional strain. For many, leaning on faith allows a person to have stability ("Spirituality: It Helps Build Resilience"). It also allows a person to have an ultimate purpose in their life or a reason for being. It can assist a person find a value system for setting goals and setting helpful life principles.